Show simple item record Pilgrim, David Dr. 2014-08-15T20:28:22Z 2014-08-15T20:28:22Z 2000-12
dc.description Exploration article written by Dr. Pilgrim for the Jim Crow Museum website about the history and legacy of the Tom Caricature. The article explores the roots and impact of the caricature from Ante-bellum slavery to Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin, to commercial images of "Tom's." en_US
dc.description.abstract The Tom caricature portrays black men as faithful, happily submissive servants. The Tom caricature, like the Mammy caricature, was born in ante-bellum America in the defense of slavery. How could slavery be wrong, argued its proponents, if black servants, males (Toms) and females (Mammies), were contented and loyal? The Tom is presented as a smiling, wide-eyed, dark skinned server: fieldworker, cook, butler, porter, or waiter. Unlike the Coon, the Tom is portrayed as a dependable worker, eager to serve. Unlike the Brute, the Tom is docile and non-threatening to whites. The Tom is often old, physically weak, psychologically dependent on whites for approval. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Jim Crow Museum Website en_US
dc.subject Tom Caricature, Jim Crow, Jim Crow Museum, caricatures, racism, civil rights, Uncle Tom's Cabin, samba, house negro, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Bojangles, Rochester, Uncle Billy, Rastus, Uncle Remus, Cream of Wheat, sell out, Toms, en_US
dc.title The Tom Caricature en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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  • Caricatures
    Common caricatures and stereotypes of African Americans during and after Jim Crow era.

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